Lakshminath Bezbarua


Lakshminath Bezbarua

Lakshminath BezbaruaHomen Borgohain, a renowned author and journalist, delved into the significance of Laxminath Bezbaruah, shedding light on his literary works and his role as an inspiration to a whole generation of writers. However, Borgohain noted that some critics unjustly compare Bezbaruah with Rabindranath Tagore, which he finds unfair and inevitable, considering their contemporaneous relationship and their guardianship roles in their respective fields.

Bezbaruah faced the challenging task of steering the nascent ship of Assamese literature and establishing its identity during his time. This burden influenced many of his writings, which were often aimed at a broader audience, like the satire collection “Kripabor Baruar Kaakotor Topola.” Borgohain pointed out that such mass-oriented works might have lost their appeal over time.

In his autobiography “Mur Jibon Xoworan,” we learn that Bezbaruah, being married to Debendranath Tagore’s granddaughter, faced pressure from the Tagore family to contribute to Bengali literature rather than Assamese literature. While Bezbaruah respected Rabindranath Tagore, he refused to play a secondary role and chose to focus on uplifting Assamese literature.

Bezbaruah, along with Padmanath Gohain Baruah and others, established “Axomiya Bhaxar Unnati Xadhini xabha” and made significant contributions to Assamese literature through the magazine “Jonaki.” This period marked the dawn of romanticism in Assamese literature, and in subsequent years, “Bahi” and “Ramdhenu” played a crucial role in strengthening Assamese literature through experimentation with new themes.

However, despite his immense contributions to Assamese literature and his association with the identity of the Assamese nation, the tribute paid to Laxminath Bezbaruah has been inadequate. It took decades to compile all his writings into a book, reflecting the negligence towards preserving his literary legacy. Moreover, Bezbaruah’s residence in Sambalpur (Odisha) faces neglect from the government, despite its potential significance as a cultural asset.

In contrast to Rabindranath Tagore, who holds a place in the hearts and souls of every Bengali, Laxminath Bezbaruah is regrettably a forgotten hero for many. The lack of proper recognition and preservation of his literary works and the historical significance of his residence raises concerns about the fading memory of this great persona.

Homen Borgohain’s discussion on Laxminath Bezbaruah highlights the complexities and challenges faced by early Assamese literature and the crucial role played by Bezbaruah in shaping its trajectory. The unfair comparisons with Rabindranath Tagore and the negligence in preserving his legacy are reminders of the need to honor and cherish the contributions of forgotten heroes like Laxminath Bezbaruah, whose work remains deeply intertwined with the identity and culture of the Assamese nation.

One of Bezbarua’s most notable contributions was his novel “Mirijiyori.” Published in 1894, it marked the beginning of the modern Assamese novel. The novel delved into the intricacies of relationships and portrayed the struggles of women in a patriarchal society. Bezbarua’s nuanced storytelling and empathetic characters resonated with readers, leaving an indelible mark on Assamese literature.
In addition to his literary achievements, Bezbarua was an ardent nationalist and social reformer. He actively participated in the anti-British movements and advocated for social equality and women’s empowerment. His writings often reflected his patriotic fervor and called for a united Assamese identity.


Lakshminath Bezbarua’s contributions were not limited to his own writings. He played a significant role in establishing the Asam Sahitya Sabha, a premier literary organization in Assam. As the Sabha’s president, he worked tirelessly to promote and uplift the literary and cultural heritage of the region.

Even after his passing on 26th March 1938, Bezbarua’s impact endures. His works continue to inspire and educate generations of readers, and his legacy remains an integral part of Assamese literature. Lakshminath Bezbarua’s unwavering dedication, creative genius, and social vision make him an immortal figure in the literary landscape of Assam.